- The organized sector has skills acquisition in formal and recognized approach and the formal training is through professional course or apprenticeship. Example: CBSE,NO.
- The un-organized Sector has skill acquisition in informal and unrecognised way and actual training is through informal training or learning on the job. Example are NGO/SHG, Artisans Workshop.
- There is section that does not have sufficient skill to earn decent livelihood
Here are the ground realities to be handled in the process to construct the bridge of skill gap across 3 sectors.(What?)
- No recognition for prior learning/informal skills
- Poor vertical/horizontal mobility in jobs
- Weak linkage of academia with industry- employers
- No common competency standards across similar jobs.
- Minimum educational level needed for Formal Training
- Courses are either supply oriented or they are demand oriented. They are not designed and focused on skills that student needs for a job.
Here are set of things to be thought through to develop skill development ecosystem.
- How to standardize delivery of quality of education across rural-urban divide?
- How to handle individual differences ?
- How to identify occupation standards across Employers’ preferences ?
- How to create Assessors and Certifiers who are well equipped?
- Does getting certification add to the skill pool ?
- How to change the mindsets with mass awareness generation and connect vocational training with the aspirations of youth?
- How to implement on pilot basis and also perform perform reality check?
- How to grade competencies?
- How to remove the income parity between academic and vocational employment?
- How to train and scale faculty required for intensive skill development?
- How to study of effectiveness of such a system ?